Project ID: PA1A023
Project website: www.lngmasterplan.eu
The EUSDR targets the modernisation of the Danube fleet in order to improve environmental and economic performance. A significant contribution to this goal can be made, if the Danube fleet switches from gasoil to other low-carbon fuel alternatives, such as LNG. In addition, the transport of LNG on the Danube could significantly increase transport volumes on the Danube and offer energy savings to related industries in the entire region.
Compared to today's commonly used bunker oil for shipping, LNG reduces sulphur emissions down to nearly 0%. LNG fuelled ships emit nearly no particulate matters, about 90% less nitrogen oxides and 20-25% less CO2. The use of LNG as fuel shall, therefore, improve the environmental performance of inland navigation due to the cleanness of LNG compared to the currently used gasoil (EN 590 diesel).
The LNG Masterplan delivered (besides market and regulatory assessment, feasibility studies and technical concepts or education and training materials) a comprehensive strategy and recommendations for deployment of LNG in inland waterway transport, which sets actions and measures needed for the wide-scale deployment of LNG in inland water transport. As part of their activities in the LNG Masterplan project, the partners and invited stakeholders identified several barriers (weaknesses and threats) in the deployment of LNG in inland water transport summarised and addressed in the strategy. The actions cover various aspects of LNG deployment such as (i) Governance and Legislation, (ii) Markets & Finances, (iii) Vessels & Equipment, (iv) LNG Infrastructure, (v) Jobs & Skills, and (vi) Awareness for LNG among general public and the decision makers.
The strategy, as one of the main results of the project, was and still is widely disseminated at local, national and European levels. Necessary steps towards its implementation and related supporting financing instruments are being discussed with the decision and policy makers on the European and national levels.
For the Danube region in addition the project contributed to the work of the Priority Area 1a of the European Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR).
The Action's overall objective was to prepare and to launch the full-scale deployment of LNG as environmentally-friendly and efficient fuel and cargo in the inland navigation sector within the Rhine/Meuse-Main-Danube axis and to exploit synergies in deployments and operation of LNG infrastructure.
To deliver on the overall objective of the Action, there were two specific objectives:
The LNG Masterplan created a platform for cooperation between authorities and industry stakeholders with the purpose to facilitate the elaboration of a harmonised European regulatory framework for LNG as fuel and cargo in inland navigation and to promote the introduction of LNG as a fuel and cargo for inland shipping.
It delivered technical concepts for new and retrofitted vessels being propelled by LNG and transporting LNG as well as a significant number of pilot deployments of vessels and one terminal. It also developed a comprehensive strategy and recommendations for deployment of LNG in inland waterway transport, which sets actions and measures needed for the wide-scale deployment in line with EU transport/energy/environmental policy goals and actions.
In detail, the LNG Masterplan achieved tangible outcomes:
LNG is an important opportunity for the IWT sector but it certainly is not a remedy for all structural and economic problems in IWT. All the work was based on a realistic and integrated European approach. A vision is that inland ports on the Rhine/Meuse-Main-Danube axis shall become key distribution centres for LNG. Inland terminals shall function as satellites to the hinterland enabling to reach other pioneer markets like public (transport) sector and heavy duty transport industry (buses, garbage collection trucks, city logistics) and the energy industry.
The LNG Masterplan was defined as a study with integrated pilot deployment, with characteristics of being more a programme than a project. The beneficiaries executed their own project activities in the framework of defined co-operation activities and in parallel to the regulatory work of relevant authorities. The authorities received technical and organisational support from competent project partners and necessary input for their regulatory work. The common activities facilitated the transfer of know-how and led to the harmonisation of some technical solutions and to elaboration of guidelines and recommendations for the necessary regulatory framework.
The LNG Masterplan functioned as a platform which enabled the participants to benefit from the synergies of the common work. The targeted co-operation of public and private stakeholders generated a high European added value for all participants and resulted in an improved framework for follow-up activities and triggered the follow-up investments & projects, among others the LNG terminal in Antwerp, LNG bunkering station in Duisburg, LNG-fuelled busses in Slovakia, etc. The LNG Masterplan delivered a high number of measurable outcomes which can be downloaded under: http://lngmasterplan.eu/download/deliverables (such as Feasibility studies, Economic and technical assessments, Technical design studies, Technical concepts, Pilot deployments in vessels, terminals and vehicles, Workshops and round tables, Education and training materials, Guidelines and recommendations).
The work carried out in the project was structured, besides Project management & dissemination activities, into 5 activities, each with several sub-activities.
Activity 1: Framework & Market Analysis
LNG Masterplan consortium investigated and assessed the framework conditions, supply markets and market opportunities for the implementation of LNG as fuel and cargo on the Rhine/Meuse-Main-Danube axis. Attention was paid to a comprehensive impact analysis addressing safety, ecology and socio-economic matters of the LNG introduction. The delivered outcomes address (i) Status Quo Analysis & Trends, (ii) LNG Supply Analysis, (iii) LNG Demand Analysis, and (iv) Impact Analysis: Safety, ecology & socio-economic aspects.
Activity 2: Technologies & Operational Concepts
LNG Masterplan consortium, through research work as well as concrete vessel projects, contributed to elaboration of technical and operational solutions for small scale LNG operations in the inland navigation sector. It addressed and investigated innovative (i) Engine technologies and concepts, and (ii) LNG tank and equipment technologies. Activities furthermore addressed the necessary work for harmonisation of regulations in (iii) LNG bunkering in European sea and inland ports and thus contributed to the regulatory work with regard to the provision of recommendations and guidelines for harmonised bunkering of LNG. The safety and response studies elaborated as part of the (iv) Technical Evidence & Safety and Risk Assessment activities give insight into safety regulations and procedures and guidance on how to organise local safety regulations and procedure for LNG bunkering and (un-)loading. These studies give overview of incident scenarios and guidance for incident response.
Activity 3: Vessel & Terminal Solutions
As part of project activities the involved partners elaborated feasibility studies and technical concepts for LNG terminals; new-built LNG tanker and LNG-fuelled vessels; for vessels being retrofitted for LNG propulsion as well as for other vehicles & machinery which are elements of the applied LNG supply chain approach. The activities included all necessary works with classification societies, regulatory bodies and authorities to obtain permits for terminals and vessels, including required safety and risk studies (such as HAZID) and/or environmental impact assessments; all necessary before starting the pilot deployment. Furthermore, besides a concrete support for individual activities of beneficiaries, guidelines for preparing LNG terminal and vessel projects to get a solid financing scheme behind the project were delivered (financial & legal).
Activity 4: Regulatory Framework & Masterplan
The work of the LNG Masterplan, through (i) Provisions for harmonised European regulations, contributed to the regulatory process of relevant bodies such as EC, CCNR, UN/ECE and national authorities. The work addressed vessel specifications, transport of LNG as dangerous cargo, bunkering of LNG, police regulations, port regulations and education & training of involved personal. As part of the (ii) Education & training requirements activities, curricula and lesson materials, e-learning modules and pilot simulators were developed. To respond to the education and training needs of the planned pilot deployments, pilot training classes based on developed standards and materials were executed. Knowledge, experience, good practice examples and lessons learned gained through the project lifecycle were collected, assessed and further disseminated as part of the (iii) Assessment of concepts, trials & pilot deployments activities. These were the basis of a comprehensive Strategy for the implementation of LNG as fuel for inland vessels and as cargo on the Rhine-Main-Danube waterway axis - (iv) Masterplan for the LNG Implementation on Rhine/Meuse-Main-Danube (Strategy & Recommendations). The Strategy sets actions and measures needed for the wide-scale deployment of LNG in inland water transport and addresses
(a) Governance and Legislation,
(b) Markets & Finances,
(c) Vessels & Equipment,
(d) LNG infrastructure,
(e) Jobs & Skills, and
Activity 5: Pilot Deployment
The objective was to test, operate and monitor LNG deployment in a set of pilots. The pilot deployments interacted with the Action's other activities by feeding into the regulatory framework, providing lessons learned, recommendations and best practice solutions, creating the baseload for LNG demand to set up the first small scale LNG supply chains, creating the awareness among decision makers and demonstrating benefits of the LNG to the wider public. The activities were performed by barge and terminal operators, as well as shipyards together with their commercial partners and suppliers.
Due to the complex permitting procedures, still immature market and limited project timeframe, some pilot deployments were cancelled, among others (ii) LNG tankers (LNG as cargo). The technical concepts of two LNG Inland tankers using different tank technologies were prepared, with one receiving the temporary permit from CCNR & UN/ECE (derogations from existing legislation). The following pilot deployments were executed:
(i) LNG Terminals
(iii) LNG propelled vessels (LNG as fuel)
(iv) LNG vehicles & machinery
Activity 6: Project Management
The LNG Masterplan was a multi-beneficiary project, with characteristics of an entire programme. Therefore, a robust and proven management structure (proven by other big and successful projects) with experienced project management team was established. Activities comprised of all work related to project management (financial, technical and quality management), dissemination & exploitation of the project and its results to national and international stakeholders, the management of the industry reference group as well as the strategic liaison with related projects and initiatives in Europe and overseas (e.g. China, USA, Canada) and with variety of already on-going project and standardisation initiatives.
Transboundary issues such as a lack of international co-operation, different infrastructure or operating standards or a lack of common working methods, operations or the training and safety standards were addressed by the LNG Masterplan and know-how transfer between two regions – Rhine & Danube was ensured.
Further topics comprised: reduction of adverse (vessel) air emissions, creation of a new and high-volume market for Danube transportation, reduction of fuel costs for barging companies, reduction of transport costs for industries of Danube region, increase of competitiveness of several sectors of industry, increase of energy efficiency and safety for entire region along the Rhine-Main-Danube axis, especially in the Danube countries.
Barge operators; transport users from production and wholesale industry, major industries of the region using LNG as alternative source of energy, people living in agglomerations along the Rhine & Danube benefiting from reduction of air emissions as well as variety of authorities and public administrations.
The list of beneficiaries comprised barge operators, port authorities, shipyards, technology providers, energy industry, research organisations, classification organisations and consultants.
Start date: 01/2013
End date: 12/2015
The project is already concluded. The objectives of the elaborated strategy are being pursued further.
Total budget: 20,480,000 EUR
EU funds: 10,240,000 EUR (50% funding rate for studies)
were funded by TEN-T Multi-Annual Programme (MAP) 2007 - 2013
Private funds: 10,240,000 EUR of eligible costs
Project leader: Pro Danube Management GmbH (website: www.prodanube.eu)
Address: Handelskai 265, 1020 Vienna / Austria
The project brought together 33 companies and organisations with the relevant authorities from 12 countries, creating the critical mass of stakeholders needed for the development of the necessary regulatory framework and deployment of LNG in inland navigation sector.
The Beneficiaries were: A3PS - Austrian Association for Advanced Propulsion Systems (AT); Erste Group Bank AG (AT), EVN AG (AT), FH OÖ Forschungs & Entwicklungs GmbH (AT), Pro Danube Management GmbH (AT), Gemeentelijk Havenbedrijf Antwerpen (BE), Bulmarket DM Ltd. (BG), Asociace NGV o.s. (CZ), DST Entwicklungszentrum für Schiffstechnik und Transportsysteme e.V. (DE), DNV GL SE (DE), Universität Duisburg Essen (DE), Port autonome de Strasbourg (FR), Chemgas Barging Sarl (LU), Argos Bunkering B.V. (NL), Chemgas Holding B.V. (NL), DCL Barge B.V. (NL), Havenbedrijf Rotterdam N.V. (NL), Stichting STC-Group (NL), Kooiman Marine B.V. (NL), LNG E-motion BV (NL), National Company The Maritime Danube Ports Administration Joint Stock Company Galati (RO), Ceronav (RO), Compania De Navigatie Fluviala Romana Navrom S.A. (RO), Transport Trade Services S.A. (RO), University of Craiova (RO), Danube LNG EEIG (SK), Výskumný ústav dopravný, a. s. (SK), Staatliche Rhein-Neckar-Hafengesellschaft Mannheim mbH (DE), LINZ AG für Energie, Telekommunikation, Verkehr und Kommunale Dienste (AT), Italian Republic - Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti (IT), Schönherr Rechtsanwälte GmbH (AT), Scheepswerf Damen Hardinxveld B.V. (NL), Bernhard Schulte (Cyprus) Ltd. (CY).
The majority of project partners was from the private sector but also included some public bodies and authorities. The Port of Basel from Switzerland (not eligible for TEN-T funding, however involved as the partner number 34) participated directly in the project activities through its nationally supported LNG related project.
The LNG Masterplan received approval and acknowledgement of all 12 Member states where the project was executed, with a special support from the Netherlands, Austria, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria that explicitly expressed their interest in the project and confirmed their support and / or involvement in the regulatory activities.
The project had a big industry support through the Industry Reference Group, which comprised more than 50 big industry players and advisory support of another more than 20 organisations (professional associations representing IWT stakeholders, such as European Barge Union, European Federation of Inland Ports, Inland Navigation Europe, or Romanian Inland Ports Union as well as other public bodies & authorities).
Project of high interest and substantial economic value.
Data provided by: Manfred Seitz (Pro Danube Management GmbH / Austria) - 17.10.2011
Last update by: Lucia Karpatyova (Pro Danube Management GmbH / Austria) - 05.10.2017